The International X-Ray and Radium Protection Committee/Commission (IXRPC) was established in 1928. It was reconstituted after World War II in 1950 as the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP).
The positions of Chair(man) and (Scientific/Honorary) Secretary are complex. At the first meetings, the Chairman was selected by and from the International Congress of Radiology host country, and served in that role only during the congress. The Secretary, selected from among the Commission members, had a leading and more continuous role. Later, the Commission gained more control over selection of the Chairman, but this general arrangement continued until 1950. From the 1950 Rules: ‘. . . Chairman shall be a member of the I.C.R.P. ex officio, but for the period of the Conference only. Meetings between Congresses shall be presided over by the Secretary . . .’.
From 1953, the Chairman took on a more continuous role, with the Rules specifying that the Chairman serves continually. At that time, both the Chairman and Secretary were elected from among the members.
In 1962, F. David Sowby became the first full-time, paid Scientific Secretary. By 1966, the Rules specified that the Scientific Secretary need not be a member of the Commission, and that the Chairman, Vice-Chairman, and Scientific Secretary should work cooperatively to prepare meetings of the Commission.
In 1988, ICRP became a registered charity, with ICRP Main Commission members as its charity trustees. As trustees cannot be paid, from that time Scientific Secretaries have not been members of the ICRP Main Commission. Nonetheless, Scientifc Secretaries work as an integral part of the Main Commission, with continued close cooperation between the Chair(men), Vice-Chair(men), and Scientific Secretaries.
- Adapted from "The International Commission on Radiological Protection at 90" published in the Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on the System of Radiological Protection.
The tenures of ICRP Chairs have always aligned with the meeting or term dates shown below. The tenures of the (Scientific) Secretaries have not, and therefore dates are shown beside their names.
|Rolf M. Sievert||George W. C. Kaye & Stanley Melville (1928, 1931)|
|René Ledoux-Lebard||George W. C. Kaye (1934)|
|George W. C. Kaye||none specified|
|Sir Ernest Rock Carling||
Walter Binks (1950-1957)
|Rolf M Sievert||Bo Lindell (1957-1962)|
|Sir Edward Eric Pochin|
|C. Gordon Stewart||F. David Sowby (1962-1985)|
|Dan J. Beninson||Michael C Thorne (1985-1986)|
|Hylton Smith (1987-1997)|
|Roger H. Clarke|
|Jack Valentin (1997-2008)|
|Claire Cousins||Christopher H. Clement (from 2008)|